Hatha Yoga History
Patanjali collected the yoga understanding available in 2 A.D. and composed a writing called ‘Yoga Sutra.’ The yoga of Patanjali has eight limbs to be practiced in sequence.
They are Yama (restraint), Niyama (observance), Asana (posture), Pranayama (breathing), Pratyahara (withdrawal of senses), Dharana (concentration), Dhyana (meditation) and Samadhi (ecstasy). The end of yoga after Samadhi would be the union of individual awareness with the universal consciousness.
In the contemporary age, yoga has come to mean ‘Hatha Yoga,’ ‘Ha’ suggesting sun and ‘Tha’ definition moon joins in Hatha Yoga. It is the symbolic union of active and passive energies, the opposites. The Hatha Yoga intends to unite harmoniously the body, mind, and spirit and create a healthy, supple and strong body and an unwinded, stress-free mind.
In the late 19th century, T. Krishnamacharya, a yoga instructor in Mysore Palace in south India, was the source of most modern-day Hatha Yoga. His disciples B.K.S. Iyengar, K.Pattabhi Jois and Indira Devi, and his son T.K.V. Desikachar contributed in setting up their schools and spreading out Yoga throughout the world, especially in America.
Each one has its own name; however it is just a matter of tension instead of a compound. They are Ashtanga Yoga of Pattabhi Jois, Iyengar Yoga of B.K.S. Iyengar, Vishnu Yoga of T.K.V. Desikachar, Bikram Yoga of Bikram Choudhry, Sivananda Yoga of Vishnu Sivandandam, Integral Yoga of Swami Sachidananda and Ananda Yoga of Swami Kiriananda.
Yoga as an exercise is vastly different from calisthenics or aerobics. In yoga, the body does not do any activity, but holds different postures that are created to direct the life energy to all parts of the body. The respiratory and pulse rate drops. The endocrine system enhances activity.
The benefits of yoga are many. It assists in managing numerous diseases for which there are no cures. It assists in developing a supple and strong body. But its significant contribution is in unwinding the body and mind, relieving tension and renewing the energy level. Positive thinking and feel-good aspects enhance among practitioners of yoga. The degree of concentration in yoga students is high.
With some amount of commitment and regular practice of Hatha Yoga, there will be a significant distinction to the quality of life in the modern-day age.